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Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Fri Jun 20, 2008 7:49 am
by ForumAdmin
Progress Report for FAME and Exetel: 15/6/08


• During May site maintenance was carried out at all the Spiny Daisy sites, in particular snail baiting. As we move into the wetter months snail baiting is vital as snails actively graze on both the stems and leaves of Spiny Daisy plants. Grazing by snails removes the epidermal layer, resulting in weakening or ringbarking of stems, death of leaves, and often the death of complete shoots above the site of injury.

Spiny Daisy Site Reports

• Both the Thornlea and Rusty Cab sites are looking very good, which is considerably pleasing after such a dry spell. Many of the plants have fresh shoots, and some are even flowering at Thornlea.

• The Yangya site is not looking all that good. Many of the plants had a dry, “sticky” appearance, although some did have fresh shoots.

• At the Hart site the species has spread well; the naturally occurring plants are joining up with the translocated plants, planted on the other side of the railway ballast.

• The Telowie site is looking good when last visited on 2nd May, despite the damage caused by council grading, the site appears to be healing well. The area sprayed last year with “Glyphosate” is very apparent, with very few soursobs having germinated.

• Gladstone Translocation site (Yangya clone): The site has been particularly hit hard over the hot dry months. Monitoring took place on June 16th. After 2 years, 183 out of 400 have survived (46%). Considering it was an experimental trial there have been many positives. Spiny Daisy plants protected by tree guards have had a 78% survival rate, with 62/80 surviving and looking quite healthy. The use of tree guards has exceeded the target of 70% of plants surviving over the short term. This trial was conducted during a period of severe drought, highlighting the hardiness the Spiny Daisy and effectiveness of tree guards at moisture protection.

• Caltowie-Stone Hut Translocation site (Mixed-gene): Translocation was a success, but site looking a little ordinary at the moment. Monitoring was recently conducted on June 11th. 92% (92/100) of the translocated Spiny Daisy plants have survived. Interesting to note that the “Hart” plants not only seemed to have a better growth rate, but they are the only ones to flower to date.

• Caltowie Cemetery (Rusty Cab clone): Monitored on June 11th. The plants are looking not too bad, there have been 3 losses to date.

• The next translocation day is planned for Thursday 26th June, 2008. In the morning the Spiny Daisy Recovery Team proposes to translocate another 50 Spiny Daisy plants to the Caltowie-Stone Hut Road Reserve Translocation site. The extra plants will consist of 30 Telowie and 5 each of the other 4 genotypes. The Telowie genotype is to be added to the site to complete the full complement of genetic combinations. The proposed translocation (additional 50 plants) hopes to achieve the goal of combining all genotypes in the field. By allowing the mixing of genotypes in the field it is hoped that sexual reproduction can be induced and genetic diversity increased. Last year on World Environment Day Year 6/7 Laura Primary School were involved with the translocation, doing a fantastic job planting all 100 plants with great care. The Laura Primary School will be involved once again.

• In the afternoon of Thursday 26th June, an additional 24 plants of the ‘Telowie’ genotype will be planted in the Napperby Block of Mount Remarkable National Park. This translocation (and the mixed-gene site) will provide an in-situ back-up of the Telowie clone.

• A Spiny Daisy Recovery Team Meeting was held on Thursday 12th June. The Meeting was attended by 10 members. Attendees included staff/members of DEH, Greening Australia, Northern Areas Council, the Mid North Plant Diversity Nursery, Blyth-Brinkworth Revegetation Committee and the Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. The main topic of discussion was the upcoming translocation day on Thursday 26th June, and the planned on-ground works over the next 2 years of the recovery project.

• Soil testing is currently underway, with soil samples being taken at all the natural and translocation Spiny Daisy sites. The results of the soil testing will refine our understanding of the species’ ecology which will enable selection of suitable sites for future translocations.

Anthony Pieck
Threatened Flora Ecologist
Department for Environment and Heritage
Northern and Yorke Region

Re: Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Wed Sep 17, 2008 5:32 pm
by ForumAdmin

• A Spiny Daisy Translocation day occurred on Thursday 26th June, 2008. In the morning 50 Spiny Daisy plants were added to the Caltowie-Stone Hut Road Reserve Translocation site. The extra plants consisted of 30 Telowie and 5 each of the other 4 genotypes. The translocation site now contains the full complement of genetic combinations. Year 7 students from Laura Primary School planted each of the spiny daisy plants. Bruce Jackson, board member of FAME attended along with his partner Lesley, giving great assistance. Photo’s were taken on the morning and details were sent to The Advertiser, an article was written up by journalist Clare Peddie, featured in the ‘News in Education’ section on Tuesday 16th September.

• In the afternoon of Thursday 26th June, an additional 24 plants of the ‘Telowie’ genotype were planted in the Napperby Block of Mount Remarkable National Park. This is the first spiny daisy subpopulation to be planted on a DEH conservation reserve. Bruce and Lesley attended, as well as Louise Cadzow from DETI and Paul Slattery (chairperson of the RT). Everyone worked well together, with the translocation day being a great success. This translocation (and the mixed-gene site) will provide an in-situ back-up of the Telowie clone.

• The next step in the recovery of the spiny daisy is to roll-out planting on private land. A property near Weeroona Island (north of Port Pirie) has been earmarked for a Spiny Daisy planting site. A site visit was occurred on Wednesday July 23rd. The property is owned by the Whyalla Veterinarian Clinic, used as a carbon off-set for the clinic. It is 160Ha, covered by a Heritage Agreement. The land is quite diverse containing mangroves, saltbush, etc. In regards to a suitable site for a Spiny Daisy planting, there is an Acacia Victoriae shrubland adjacent to railway that looks potentially ideal. The property contact person is Dr Andrew Melville-Smith. Please refer to the below link for a little detail about the property: ... y2007.html

• Following on from above an Expression of Interest has been written up offering Mid North Landholders a unique opportunity to have the Critically Endangered Spiny Daisy planted on their property. Plantings would consist of a minimum of 50 plants and would occur between May and August 2009. We had a stall at the Hart Field Day promoting the Spiny Daisy in which the Expression of Interest application form was handed out to interested landholders. This will be further promoted through various local media outlets and organisations: Flinders News, Plains Producer, Brinkworth Australian Plant Society. Expressions of Interest will close on Friday October 31st after which site inspections will be made to short list suitable sites.

• One aspect which will guide which sites we choose for future plantings is soil testing. Soil has been collected from each extant population and translocation sites, with the soil sent off for testing; we are currently awaiting results.

• A subcommittee has been formed to provide technical guidance for Spiny Daisy On-ground works. This subcommittee was agreed on at the previous Spiny Daisy Recovery Team Meeting held in July. The subcommittee consists of Paul Slattery (chairman of the Spiny Daisy Recovery Team), Dave Potter (Mid North Plant Diversity Nursery Manager), Doug Bickerton (DEH, technical advice) and myself (DEH, project officer). The first subcommittee meeting was held on Monday September 8th. The main topic of discussion was determining criteria for new plantings on private property, planned for 2009.

Anthony Pieck
Threatened Flora Ecologist
Department for Environment and Heritage
Northern and Yorke Region

Re: Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Wed Dec 17, 2008 12:27 pm
by ForumAdmin
December 08 Progress Report for Exetel:


• Spiny Daisy Annual Monitoring was completed in November. Data is in the process of being analysed, but each subpopulation appears stable. The Rusty Cab, Hart and Thornlea subpopulations continue to expand gradually along the roadside.

• Completed monitoring at the Napperby Spiny Daisy Translocation site. Only one plant has been lost since they were planted back in July. This site is the back-up for the Telowie population.

• Late November spiny daisy cuttings were collected from 4 out of the 5 subpopulations for next years proposed translocations. The cuttings are in the process of being propagated down at the Mid North Plant Diversity Nursery. Unfortunately no cuttings were able to be collected from the Rusty Cab subpopulation, due the dryness and lack of fresh growth. I have asked Paul Slattery (who carries out site maintenance) to water a small section of the Rusty Cab site which will hopefully stimulate growth so cuttings can be made early in the new year.

• Regular site maintenance has continued to occur at each site, with slashing and snail baiting. Watering will occur on a needs basis at each of the translocation sites to get them through the hotter, drier months.

• A number of expression’s of Interest have been received from local landholders interested in having the spiny daisy planted on their property. Site inspections will occur in the new year by members of the Spiny Daisy Recovery Team to determine appropriate areas for plantings to occur.

• The Spiny Daisy is now on display in the SA Water Mediterranean garden of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens.

• Monitoring has been completed at the Gladstone Spiny Daisy Translocation site. The plants at the site are continuing to struggle, with only a 40.5% (162/400) survival rate, with a loss of 21 plants since the plants were last monitored in June. However there is some good news with the spiny daisy plants protected by the tree guards having a 72.5% (58/80) survival rate. All other treatment types have had a below 40% survival rate, with the control plots only having a 22.5% (18/80). As previously observed this experimental translocation has proved the benefit of tree guards when establishing plantings of spiny daisy. The plants at this site will now be monitored annually. This translocation site is a back-up for the Yangya clone, and as it was an experimental trial with a higher than usual planting number, this site remains a viable back-up population.

• In November tree guards were removed from the 100 spiny daisy plants planted on World Environment Day in 2007. These plants are part of the mixed-gene trial, by removing the tree guards it will allow free pollen interchange between lines in preparation for seed assessments early next year. The remaining 50 plants at this site which were planted this year will have their tree guards removed next year.

• The results of the soil testing have been received for each site. Due to the complex nature of the results, they still need to analysed to determine any significant factors (similarities or differences) between the subpopulations. These results will be used to guide future translocations.

Anthony Pieck
Threatened Flora Ecologist
Department for Environment and Heritage
Northern and Yorke Region

Re: Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Mon Mar 30, 2009 10:51 am
by ForumAdmin
March 09 Progress Report for Exetel and FAME:


• Monitoring has recently been completed at the mixed-gene translocation site. Losses at the site have been minimal Out of the 150 Spiny Plants planted at the site (100 in June 2007 & 50 in June 2008) there have been only 7 losses, in the past year (4 Yangya; 1 Rusty Cab and 2 Thornlea). Eight plants originally died after the 2007 translocation but these were replaced in June 2008. Taking into consideration the hot, dry conditions over Summer and that the tree guards were removed in November 2008 to allow free pollen interchange between lines, these results are very pleasing. Snails have been a little bit of a problem at this site but baiting should alleviate the pressure. Once the season breaks there should be plenty of fresh green shoots emerging.

• Completed monitoring at the Caltowie cemetery translocation site, back-up for the Rusty Cab clone. The three losses which occurred during 2007/08 were replaced in June 2008. There has only been one loss since the plants were last monitored in October 2008, the plants have appeared to benefit through rain from the isolated storms that have gone through.

• Monitoring has been completed at the Napperby Spiny Daisy Translocation site, back-up for Telowie clone. This site has not fared so well, with seven losses out of the 24 that were planted in June 2008. There has been a bit of damage at the site caused by kangaroos, and water run-off from the flash flooding which occurred in the area after a recent storm. As the Telowie clone is struggling at the Napperby translocation site, establishing alternative site/s will be a priority for the upcoming translocations.

• The Spiny Daisy On-ground works subcommittee have began site visits to assess the suitability of potential translocation sites for the Spiny Daisy. At each site a species list was written up, photos were taken and GPS points recorded of suitable areas.

• A Memorandum of Understanding has been drafted, a simple agreement to be entered with the landholder as part of the upcoming proposed translocations on private property. This sets out the roles and responsibilities of both parties with regards to the establishment and maintenance of a propagated population of Spiny Daisy plants. It is important to ensure safeguards are put in place especially in terms of on-going maintenance, that any new populations will be maintained and looked after.

• Regular site maintenance is ongoing at each site. A bit of watering has occurred over the hot Summer months, mainly at the translocation sites to help them become established.

• The cuttings which were taken in November 2008 for propagation are coming along well down at the Mid North Plant Diversity Nursery. Dave Potter, the nursery manager is doing a terrific job once again in raising the Spiny Daisy cuttings, in readiness for the upcoming translocations. The current numbers are as follows: 162 Hart, 93 Telowie, 50 Thornlea, 48 Rusty Cab and 22 Yangya.

• The next Spiny Daisy Recovery Team Meeting will be held on Tuesday 31st March, in Laura at the CFS/SES Hall.

• The FAME Board will be making a visit to a few spiny daisy sites on Wednesday 8th April, and putting up FAME/Exetel signage for the Spiny Daisy project.

Anthony Pieck
Threatened Flora Ecologist
Department for Environment and Heritage
Northern and Yorke Region

Re: Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Fri Oct 09, 2009 2:09 pm
by Shady
Quarterly Progress Report for FAME and Exetel:

Anthony Pieck
Department for Environment and Heritage
Northern and Yorke Region 8/10/2009
Site Management

• The Spiny daisy population at Telowie recently suffered damage from a grader, for the second time. Spiny Daisy Roadside Markers were subsequently created and were installed at the Telowie site on Wednesday 23rd September. Addition roadside posts were also erected along the population to protect the spiny daisy plants from grading and passing traffic. An on-site meeting was held with the grader driver on the day the roadside markers were installed, and he was briefed on his responsibilities regarding the population. It is hoped now with the preventative measures put in place that there should be no further damage to the population in the future. We remain in discussions with the council, with one of the issues being the final positioning of the roadside posts to maximise the protection of plants along the extreme edge of the road.
Above: The specially designed roadside markers will be erected at all spiny daisy sites.

Translocation Updates

• The spiny daisies planted back in June have benefited from the good rains which have fallen over the last few months. The plants on John and Prue Wamsley’s property, sourced from the Telowie subpopulation are looking extremely healthy. There have been no losses to date. Only a few tree guards have been a casualty of the wind. The site is flourishing with native grasses and next to no weeds. It is encouraging to see how well the plants are doing, as an ex-situ back-up to the Telowie subpopulation.

• The Spiny Daisies planted on Roger Hunt’s property near Wirrabara are also going well, benefiting from the rains. The groundcover at the property is looking stunning at the moment awash with native wildflowers and native grasses. There has unfortunately been a couple of losses of Spiny daisy plants; the most likely reason for this is because they were sourced from the Rusty Cab subpopulation, the cuttings used for propagation this year were in not as good as state compared to cuttings taken from the other subpopulations.

• The Spiny Daisies planted at Magpie Creek have taken off well with only a couple of losses to date, this is a fantastic result considering 120 were planted at this site. The Jaeschke’s were very methodical in preparing the site before planting which along with favourable seasonal conditions, has attributed to why the spiny daisy is doing so well at this site. The couple of losses were due to a deer jumping over the fence removing the tree guards and damaging the plants.

• There has been very little happening over winter with the mixed-gene trial near Caltowie; no seed has been produced. The last remaining lot of tree guards have now been removed to allow for free genetic exchange. Fusilade was sprayed around the spiny daisy plants to give then breathing space to grow, this has been effective with the exotic grasses drying off.

Population Update

Manfred Jusaitis has monitoring quadrats at each extant spiny daisy site, which he has been monitoring since the discovery of each subpopulation. Monitoring was last completed on Wednesday 12th August. The average number of spiny daisy plants ranges from 1.2 plants/m2 at Telowie, up to 9.5 plants/m2 at Rusty Cab.

Re: Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Mon Oct 12, 2009 3:55 pm
by YoshiDaemon
Well done to Exetel for being conscious about the environment and saving animals and plants alike! :mrgreen:

Re: Spiny Daisy Updates

Posted: Mon Jan 18, 2010 9:58 am
by Shady
FAME/Exetel Progress Report December 2009
Spiny Daisy Recovery Team
Uta Grehn, DEH Clare

  • Anthony Pieck no longer holds the position of Threatened Flora Ecologist at Clare DEH. Uta Grehn has taken over this season’s monitoring and associated works.
  • Monitoring has been completed at the translocation sites of Telowie, Caltowie/Stone Hut Road, Caltowie Cemetery and Gladstone. All Gladstone Spiny Daisies (119) have been marked with white pin markers for easy locating, maintenance and monitoring. Survival rate at the Caltowie/Stone Hut Rd is high, with best performing plants currently the Hart and Telowie genotypes. These two varieties also showed some flowering and seed set at the time of monitoring. Special thanks to Julie &Jan Aamodt and Kaye Simpson for generously offering their time to help with monitoring.
  • A meeting of the Spiny Daisy Recovery Team was held at Clare PIRSA on 11th of December 2009. A number of issues were discussed:
- In the matter of damage to the Telowie Spiny Daisy population by a grader operator of Mount Remarkable Council an agreement has been reached between DEH Deputy Regional Conservator Craig Nixon and representatives of Council. The roadside markers indicating significant vegetation have been reinstalled, together with a photo point and a sign indicating the presence of Spiny Daisies. The population is growing well.

- Performance Indicator Review of Threatened Flora was conducted as part of SA Strategic Plan (No Species Loss) with Doug Bickerton, DEH. This is an assessment of SD recovery over the last 5 years. Top ratings were achieved in:
  • Improvement of all wild populations re SD numbers, area of occupancy, weed management, successful translocation to both nursery and new sites
    Maintaining genetic variation
  • Propagation of all genotypes in both laboratory and nursery conditions
  • Identification of new populations
  • Creating mixed gene translocations for all possible combinations of original genotypes (as at Caltowie/Stone Hut)
  • Increasing community and stakeholder awareness & participation
  • Protecting by signage of all subpopulations
  • Monitoring the populations
  • Conducting research into ecology & biology of the species (in particular Phil Ainsley’s cryopreservation studies, Manfred Jusaitis’ studies)
The Spiny Daisy Recovery Team therefore gained maximum ratings in 16 out of 18 areas of assessment.

- A further mixed gene translocation is planned for autumn of 2010. The Bundaleer Gardens at Bundaleer Forest near Jamestown is a potential site, offering the advantages of mains water, a crew of volunteer gardeners and less competition from established plants on the site. Soil preparation and planting could be conducted without disturbing existing native flora. Dave Potter is currently propagating 50 plants to fill the available space.

Anne Brown (Greening Australia), Dave Potter (Blyth Plant Diversity Nursery) and Uta Grehn (DEH Clare will be involved in preliminary work for this project.

- Paul Slattery who is responsible for maintenance of the population presented his report. He has been controlling weeds in particular Wild Oats (Avena sp.) and Galena sp. by mowing and manual pulling. Snail bait also had to be administered to control damage to leaves and cambium of the daisies. The Thornlea site is thriving after good winter and spring rain. - More tree guards are planned to be purchased for replacement of broken bamboo sticks at several locations. Plastic marking pegs will be inserted at monitoring spots within the natural populations. This will greatly improve the ease of yearly monitoring and further reduce the disturbance during monitoring, as well as shorten the time needed for the procedure.
  • A Field trip of the Recovery Team is planned for the 9th of March 2010 by bus from Clare. We will be visiting all natural populations and some of the translocations. FAME would be most welcome to send representatives to join the tour.